SDG 9 - Team Discussion

Shelter Participatory Organization - SDG 9

Picture of Samreen Khan Ghauri
Shelter Participatory Organization - SDG 9
by Samreen Khan Ghauri - Friday, 1 June 2018, 2:30 AM

Topic questions

  1. Share your local stories/programmes of sustainable industrialization and infrastructures.
    Try to conduct a comprehensive evaluation on their actual economic performance and direct/indirect influences towards the environment, people and community?
  2. What kind of role and actions that business sector perform in the process of sustainable industrialization and innovation?
    Are they playing the key or minor role under what business/financial model?
  3. Facing up with great technological threshold/barriers of digital-informatic and big-data industries, how can SA and SEA cities take advantages of this transformation power?
    Will this be an Zero-Sum game, or can the typical “winner-takes-all” dynamic be changed in the future?

It is an imperative to foster sustainable development by building making quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure including regional and trans border infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable  access for all. In Pakistan, we have obvious progress in this field, the CPEC China–Pakistan Economic Corridor mega project is carrying collection of infrastructure projects that are currently under construction throughout Pakistan. A vast network of highways and railways are to be built under the support of CPEC that will span the length and breadth of Pakistan. CPEC originally valued at $46 billion that Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product.

Over $33 billion worth of energy infrastructure are to be constructed by private consortia to help alleviate Pakistan's chronic energy shortages, A network of pipelines to transport liquefied natural gas and oil will also be laid as part of the project, this mega project is a public and privet partnership with Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises.

Since CPEC is  a long term plan, yet the current situation is quite miserable and there is a long way to go to have CPEC actual benefits to the common people. We could not depend only the mega projects like this, some local business and economic initiatives should also roll out, the role of youth also considerably  significance as 65% of population of Pakistan consist of young people, the startup and entrepreneur culture is also flourishing in Pakistan, and it has high potential to create more space and economic activities in field of different manufacturing, service provider and IT sector. The main question is that how to design narrative around to showcase this progress and way forward?

Picture of Ali Madad Sakhirani
Re: Designing Narratives- Showcasing progress
by Ali Madad Sakhirani - Saturday, 2 June 2018, 5:54 AM

Samreen as per my point of view:

It is  most debated subject in Pakistan, CPEC is worth $54 billion, which includes energy, fiber optics, infrastructure, rail and road, and industry-based projects in Pakistan. Announced by Chinese President Xi Jinping during his trip to 2015 Pakistan, CPEC aims to connect China’s western province of Xinjiang with the port town of Gwadar. More than half of CPEC spending, $33 billion, will go to 19 energy projects; about three-quarters of the newly generated power will come from coal-powered plants.

CPEC project bring prosperity to the region but the question is at what cost? concerned about the future of their ongoing projects, and whether their investments in Pakistan are safe because China is bringing coal power to Pakistan, and Pakistanis will pay the environmental price!  Its really difficult to unlash the actual implication of the mega project, no doubt, it will strengthen and accelerate our infrastructure and industry, yet we need to explore the real impact to the communities. 

See more details to know how Media depict the story:

"As the first container ship sailed into Gwadar in March, CPEC has already started making an impact in all provinces", said Rehman at the CPEC 2018 Summit in Karachi.

Read more:

Picture of Samreen Khan Ghauri
Re: Designing Narratives- Showcasing progress
by Samreen Khan Ghauri - Saturday, 2 June 2018, 6:22 AM
Thanks Ali for updating! 

That is the reason  we should more attentive towards local innovations  ecosystem, micro enterprises and community intervention, as our project focused area, the slum community of MEHER ALI have number of examples of micro self sustain infrastructures innovations. We look forward to showcase some of best example in out multimedia production!


Picture of Anish Shrestha
Re: Designing Narratives- Showcasing progress
by Anish Shrestha - Saturday, 16 June 2018, 4:13 AM

Respected Samreen, 

Nepal is a landlocked country in which road transport is the primary form of transport used for cargo and passengers. The road network in Nepal consists of the Strategic Road Network (SRN), which is managed at the central level, and the Local Road Network (LRN), which is managed at the local level. The SRN consists of national highways (NH) and feeder roads (FR). All roads within municipal boundaries that do not belong to the SRN are considered urban roads (UR), while the remaining roads are classified as either district roads (DR) or village roads (VR).

According to the Department of Local Infrastructure Development and Agricultural Roads (DoLIDAR), Nepal has 6,683 rural roads, the combined length of which is 50,943 km. Of these, 1,575 km are blacktop, 14,601 km are gravel and 34,766 km are earthen fair-weather roads. At present, 73 districts headquarters out of 75 have access to roads. The country has a road density of about 34.41 per 100 sq km, whereas effective population kilometres per 1,000 is 1.91. The national road network in Nepal (excluding all local roads) is worth about NPR 90 billion (USD 900 million), which represents almost 20% of the country’s GNP. These roads comprise a substantial investment, underscoring the need to maintain these roads.

There is a backlog of maintenance on more than 50,943 km of rural roads under the Local Road Network. As a result, a large proportion of the roads are in ‘poor’ condition and beyond routine maintenance. These roads require reconstruction/rehabilitation.

Nepal Road Standards 1971 (Second Revision in 2014) is applicable to all strategic roads in rural areas being constructed within Nepal. For non-strategic (local roads) and urban roads, separate standards are applicable.


Development opportunities

  • Only 19% of roads in Nepal are all weather roads.
  • Only 11% of total roads in Nepal are blacktopped.
  • 2 out of the 75 districts in Nepal are still not connected by roads. 
  • There are several proposed road projects in Nepal.
  • Some highways require expansion to accommodate the increase in traffic.

Transportation financing mechanisms – A shift from government financing to PPPs

  • Almost all of the roads in Nepal have been financed by the Government of Nepal, however, the government is now seeking to collaborate with the private sector. 

Your's Warmly,


Picture of Amit Dahit
Re: Designing Narratives- Showcasing progress
by Amit Dahit - Monday, 11 June 2018, 2:18 AM

Hi Ali Madad Sakhirani,

Thanks for sharing the information,

Here, I want to elaborate the progress made by Nepal so far in SDG 9. Nepal has improved its infrastructure. The length of roads reached 82,412 km in 2016 of which 14 percent was black-topped, 23 percent graveled and 63 percent earthen. The road density was 0.44 km/sq2 in 2015/16. And 51.4 percent of people have access to a paved road within 30 minutes’ walk. The construction of railroads has begun. Connectivity by air transport is improving. Nepal has 33 airports in operation and 25 domestic private airlines and 26 international airlines operating flights in and to Nepal. The country’s tourism infrastructure is improving with 1,073 tourist standard hotels. Nepal has greatly improved its information and communication technology infrastructure as the density of telephone users reached 110 percent. In 2016, the share of industry in GDP was 15 percent, and manufacturing value added as a proportion of GDP was 6.5 percent.

The targets for SDG 9 are to increase road density to 1.5 km per square km and paved road density to 0.25 km per square km, and to connect all districts, municipalities and village councils to the national road network. In industries, the target by 2030 is to increase the share of employment to 25 percent; within the subset of manufacturing, employment is to reach 13 percent.

SDG 9: Build resilient infrastructure and promote inclusive industrialization.

 Nepal needs resilient infrastructures. Nepal is located in a geologically fragile zone with much seismic activity. The development of road, railway and air transport networks is costly because of the rugged topography, and limited national investments and technical know-how. All the same, the infrastructure has improved in recent years as a key precondition for reducing poverty and for economic development.

 Roads— The Ministry of Physical Infrasturcture and the Department of Roads have built 27,990 km regional and strategic roads to 2014/15, which increased to 29,031 km in 2015/16 (MOF 2016).Forty-two percent of these roads are black topped, 23 percent gravelled and 35 percent earthen. The government aims to build more resilient and black topped roads to enable year-round transport. Other programmes (the Rural Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Programme, Decentralized Rural Infrastructure and Livelihood Improvement Project, the Rural Access Programme, Local Level Roads, Bridges and Community Access Programme, Constituency Development Programme, Rural Transportation Strengthening Programme, Local Transportation Infrastructure Regional Programme, and the Rural Infrastructure Development Programme) built 53,143 km rural roads to 2014/15 and an additional 238 km of road in 2015/16 bringing the total to 53,381 km (MOF 2016). Seventy-three percent of these roads are earthen, 24 percent are gravelled and3 percent are black-topped (MOF 2016)although only 17,000 km is motorable year round. Nepal thus has 82,812 km of roads of which 13,659 km (16%) is black topped. Road density was 0.44 km/km2 in 2015/16 with the plan to increase it to 1.5 km/km2 by 2030 (NPC 2017b).The proportion of the population with access to a paved road within 30 minutes’ walk reached 51.4 percent in 2015. 

Rail— The government has recently taken the initiative to extend its rail infrastructure to improve connectivity with China and India. Four projects are planned or underway that should foster economic development. The construction of the 945 km East-West electric railroad across the southern plains has begun with the construction of the 108 km Bardibas–Simara section underway. Construction of the 69 km Jayanagar– Janakpur–Bardibas railroad and the Bathnaha–Katahari–Birthnagar railroads is underway with technical support from the Indian Government to link Nepal with India. Studies are being carried out on building a 519 km Rashuwagadahi–Kathmandu– Pokhara–Lumbini railroad with construction due to start in 2016/17–2018/19 to link Nepal with China. And a monorail is planned in the Kathmandu Valley. 

Air transport —Connectivity within and outside the country by air is improving. Nepal has 33 airports in operation of which 22 operate year-round. Twenty-five private airlines operating domestically, and 26 international airlines operate flights to Nepal. Thirtyeight countries had signed bilateral service agreements to fly to as of 2016 (NPC 2017b). The government is upgrading its air transport infrastructure by building new international airports in Pokhara, Lumbini and at Nijgadh to increase international connectivity.

  Tourism— Nepal’s tourism infrastructures is improving. The country has 1,073 tourist standard hotels, world class trekking trails, and 957 cultural heritage tourist attractions (NPC 2017b). In 2015, 790,000tourists visited Nepal staying on an average 13 days and spending $69per day (MOF 2016).The government aims to increase tourist arrivals to 1.34 million and increase length of stay to 15 days by 2020(MOTCA 2016). 

Information and communication infrastructure— Nepal has made large progress on developing its ICT infrastructures. In 2015/16 there were 672 FM radio stations, 88 television stations, 853 cable television operators, a density of telephone users of 110.25 percent, 46.6percent of people have access to the internet(MOF 2016). The government aims to increase the density of telephone users to 117 and internet users to 65 percent, and to expand the optical fiber network to all districts and municipalities by 2019 (NPC 2017b).

 Inclusive industrialization—Nepal’s industrial development has faced labour, power, capital, technology and unstable governance problems although the investment climate is improving. The share of industry in GDP is 15 percent, manufacturing value added as proportion of DGP is 6.5 percent and manufacturing employment as a proportion of total employment is 6.6 percent (MOF 2016). Nepal's economy needs inclusive industrialization to move from an agrarian subsistence economy to an industrialized economy. Nepal’s Industrial Policy, 2010 encourages the use of local labour, raw materials, technology and domestic investment. In recent years, the government has amended the labour law to promote more cordial relations between employers and employees, improved the availability of energy, liberalized the import and export of raw materials and products, provided tax concessions, promoted the use of locally produced goods in public offices and invited foreign investment. 

Science and technology for innovation— Nepal has made less progress on research for technological innovation for industrialization and social development. Research and development expenditure is only about 8 percent of GDP and only 6.8 percent of higher education students enroll in science and technology courses. The government is preparing a National Science, Technology and Innovation Policy and Strategy (2016- 2030). It plans to establish a science laboratory and a library for research and innovation in a community school in each constituency and an Academy of Science and Technology in each province. It also aims to establish a science study centre in public schools and is upgrading the National Forensic Science Laboratory.

Best Regards !

Amit Dahit

Picture of Samreen Khan Ghauri
Re: Designing Narratives- Showcasing progress
by Samreen Khan Ghauri - Monday, 11 June 2018, 6:02 AM

Dear Amit!

Great to know the progress of Nepal under this comprehensive Program as you shared! Let me know, is there any road map or specific Program to umbrella all the development agendas of SDGs could be addresses?as we have planning and development ministry fulfill the responsibility with strong coordinating unit across the country.

On the other side, investment in infrastructure and the promotion of industrialization and innovation are particularly relevant goals for Pakistan as we struggle to accommodate the youth bulge. To achieve them, a paradigm shift in governance is required towards an enabling, business friendly approach accompanied by transparent, equitable and evidence-based planning of resource allocation. Only then can the industrialization be successful, inclusive and sustainable.




Picture of Abinash Thapa Magar
Re: Designing Narratives- Showcasing progress
by Abinash Thapa Magar - Friday, 8 June 2018, 2:17 AM

Hi samreen

That is really useful information you shared and the current situation in your country. As u have mentioned that

In Pakistan, we have obvious progress in this field, the CPEC China–Pakistan Economic Corridor mega project is carrying collection of infrastructure projects that are currently under construction throughout Pakistan. A vast network of highways and railways are to be built under the support of CPEC that will span the length and breadth of Pakistan.

What kind of innovative infrastructure developmemt is your country adopting and doest that playing crucial role in economic growth?

Is metro trains like other vast energy consuming innovations have increased in your country or what, as some Nepali leaders has dreamt constructing only trains all over

Thank you 


Picture of Samreen Khan Ghauri
Re: Designing Narratives- Showcasing progress
by Samreen Khan Ghauri - Sunday, 10 June 2018, 3:24 AM

Dear Abinash, Greetings from Hyderabad , Pakistan!

 The mega project of CPEC is 50 billion flagship project, it entails greater connectivity and trade linkages between Pakistan and China through a network of road, rail, fiber optic cable, energy pipelines and power generation. Few energy and infrastructure project have been completed like Gawadar port, orange line railway track, motorways, please check it out latest updates regarding development under CPEC.

The CPEC project was launched in 2015 by China and Pakistan. The project involves the construction of a vast network of highways, railways, sea ports and energy projects. CPEC is a game changer for the region not only Pakistan and China will get benefits but all other countries will also be benefited as well. Definitely the companies of other countries which export goods and services to China would like to use the proposed route because of less shipping cost and transit time. Land locked central Asian countries (Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan) would also get benefits of shortest way to sea port of Gwadar which is only at a distance of 2500 km as compared to Iran (4500 km) and Turkey (5000 km) This route not only serves China but also European countries, Middle Eastern countries and land locked central Asian countries.

Bt we need  to define what it CPEC in term of bring beneficial for common man  and how it’s going to influence or impact us. Also geopolitics, environmental impact, and ground socio - economic conditions is a real matter of concerns.

Picture of Samreen Khan Ghauri
Re: Shelter Participatory Organization - SDG 9
by Samreen Khan Ghauri - Monday, 11 June 2018, 6:53 AM

Well moving further for the discussion under SDG 9 comprised with Industry, Innovation and infrastructure development, I want to explore how to use decentralized approach to address  these issues, as the complexity of localization  under this SDG 9  cannot attain by solely relying on governments; there has to be collective efforts from the private sector and civil society.

How can we build localized version of SDG by community participation and leadership fostering at ground level? My answer  would be” by raising awareness, building connection and connecting stakeholders, bridging gap between policy makers to masses”

Fund this very good video description the narrative of localization of SDGs

Picture of Gokul Kandel
Re: Shelter Participatory Organization - SDG 9
by Gokul Kandel - Monday, 11 June 2018, 7:32 PM

Dear Samreen,

your post are always amazing and informative. Thank you for updating. The CPEC project is really interesting to study and hope it will get success as it is aiming. you have already explained the project should focus on youth. As youth are the building icon for  any developmental activities and you had explained 65% people are youth. they should be utilized and for this the required knowledge should be provided and then further steps will be easier. Thats my view.

Picture of Samreen Khan Ghauri
Re: Shelter Participatory Organization - SDG 9
by Samreen Khan Ghauri - Tuesday, 12 June 2018, 4:19 AM
Dear Gokul, I am very much consent with your thoughts that young people should take lead while the mega mother project of infrastructure and innovation carrying out in the region. CPEC to bring job, education opportunities for Pakistani youth it presents Pakistan with a historical opportunity to uplift the country’s status as the hub of economic activity in the region. China is promoting regional and global connectivity across the Asia Pacific region as part of its One Belt One Road initiative. Similarly, Pakistan’s Vision 2025 focuses on helping Pakistan to leverage its geo-strategic location in order to explore the inherent economic options. CPEC has changed the global narrative about Pakistan. “The country which was ranked as the most dangerous country of the world is now recognized as the next emerging economy” CPEC is the platform of inclusive growth, where 85 thousand jobs will create for our youngsters. Pakistan the biggest scholarship winning country by the Chinese government in South Asia. With the implementation of projects under CPEC, more and more job opportunities are being created, not just laborers, but also for talented professionals. For example, just a few days ago, Port Qasim Coal Fire Power Project recruited hundreds of engineers who would be sent to China for training, China and Pakistan are working together for enhancing political mutual trust, expanding economic and trade cooperation and deepening cultural and education exchanges. The students are going to be educated in different fields in various Chinese universities, including computer science and technology, business administration, finance, physical chemistry, architecture, civil engineering, broadcasting communication, international law, journalism and so on, covering bachelors, master, PHD and advance training programmes. Public and privet sector work together to get on board maximum young people and engage them, attached a photo of CPEC youth caravan. The program is organized for the better understanding of responsibilities and challenges for new generation in the economical shift in terms of China Pakistan Economic Corridor CPEC. Yet there is lot of unexplored areas of initiatives and possible opportunities with of course bring up some challenges as well. We have to look into with deeper and integrated approach.

Picture of Gokul Kandel
Re: Shelter Participatory Organization - SDG 9
by Gokul Kandel - Tuesday, 12 June 2018, 12:43 PM

Dear Samreen,

Thank you for info. And I am really glad to know true fact of pakistan. As we know due to different kind of media of different country are blaming pakistan about many topic. As they are blaming other countries including our country Nepal too. I hope you understand. Their negative thought about us and the way they are treating to us can be tackled if we worked combinely. Hope to work in a combined way.


Picture of Samreen Khan Ghauri
Re: Shelter Participatory Organization - SDG 9
by Samreen Khan Ghauri - Saturday, 16 June 2018, 4:39 PM

 Dear All,

Today, i am going to present a brief presentation on SDG 9 - How Pakistan move forward! on web conference.

See you all and looking forward for some interesting discussion. 



Picture of Abinash Thapa Magar
Re: Shelter Participatory Organization - SDG 9
by Abinash Thapa Magar - Friday, 22 June 2018, 12:54 AM