- Share your own understanding of SDG 7, regarding to some practical cases of how the energy are becoming cleaner and more affordable at multiple geographical levels (in your local community, in your country, and in the region).
- According to your group’s specific context: What are the most critical issues, significant factors and major principles that have had, are having or will have great influences on transforming future paradigm of energy production and consumption? (For example technology innovations on both ends; workable business model and financing strategies; flexible governance mode, institutional settings and policy packages; citizen’s sustainable mindsets and lifestyles changing; etc.)
- From global to local, as well as from local to global. What are the successful experiences from all over the world that can be learned and adopted in SA and SEA? How could your diversified local practices enrich and provide more opportunities to the world in a sense?
SDG 7 - Team Discussion
Youth for Environment, Education and Development Foundation
In my view, clean energy really means for long time. In present case, world is being follwed behind coal and petroleum. The major alternatives may be, hydro-electricity, wind energy, etc which is suitable for that place. The peak consumption of non-renewable energy should be replaced by clean one.
I would like to share the idea of wind energy generators without carbon brushes,a project by Cambridge University. Please find the link below. They also talk about offshore wind turbines, but that is an expensive plan for developing nations.
Where to place the turbines is the actual question. People prefer small turbines in residential areas.
Thank you for sharing such a wonderful piece of information. I hope this technology will be cheaper eventually so that every country can afford this, for now, let's focus on what can we do from sider for a betterment of our country.
The future of Energy – what an excellent documentary! Thanks for sharing.
In Pakistan, public and privet sector work together to explore local sustainable energy alternatives such as wind power, Keeping in view the commercial and industrial consumption of oil and gas everyone is conscious to have some alternate resource for energy production. Wind is also one of the resources for the power generation. We need to urge plans of using maximum wind energy for electricity generation.
In Nepal, the entire scenario of energy use of the country, only 1% energy need is fulfilled by electricity. The bulk of the energy need is dominated by fuel wood (68%), agricultural waste (15%), animal dung (8%) and imported fossil fuel (8%) (Reference: http://www.ippan.org.np/HPinNepal.html). This shows energy from carbon production is much higher than clean and affordable energy. Ultimately, carbon is returning to atmosphere from burning or rotting when the trees die. For this, the trees grown in natural land or planted should be sequestered, e.g., via biochar, bio-energy with carbon storage.
The other fact is that only about 40% of Nepal's population has access to electricity. Nepal has immense potential of hydropower development; therefore, it is important for Nepal to increase its energy dependency on electricity with hydropower development. Due to perennial nature of Nepali rivers and the steep gradient of the country's topography provide ideal conditions for the development of some of the world's largest hydroelectric projects in Nepal.
Current estimates are that Nepal has approximately 40,000 MW of economically feasible hydropower potential. However, the present situation is that Nepal has developed only approximately 600 MW of hydropower which is extremely lower compared to other forms of energy. We can notice shortage or deficit of electric energy in dry season compared to monsoon season.Therefore, bulk of the economically feasible generation has not been realized yet. (Reference: http://www.ippan.org.np/HPinNepal.html)
Great contribution to the forum discussion, Abinash!
I like the way you presented the potential for hydroelectric power development in Nepal, and gave links to your references!
My only suggestion would be to make your links "live" and clickable, by using the chain "link" button and putting in the link again (and tick the "open in new window" box).
I have edited your post to make your links live.
THE CONTEXT OF ALTERNATIVE ENEGERY IN NEPAL
Nepal is a country capable of high potential for renewable energy resources like hydro, solar, wind, biomass etc. The country has plentiful hydroelectric potential. The theoretical hydroelectric potential has been estimated to be as high as 83,000 MW of which 42,000 MW seems to be technically and economically feasible. Similarly, Nepal also has huge potential for solar energy. The country is located at a favorable latitude that receives ample amounts of solar radiation. From solar energy alone, around 2,920 GWh of energy per year can be harnessed with the utilization of just 0.01% of the total land area of Nepal. Other renewable energy sources abundantly available in the country are biomass and wind. The sustainable supply of fuelwood from a reachable area of all land resources is around 12 million tons. Likewise, total production of animal dung is about 15 million tons. Utilization of 10% of the total area of Nepal could commercially generate more than 3,000 MW of electricity with consideration of the installed capacity of 5MW per km2.
In my opinion, Indonesia also has high potential for renewable energy like Nepal. How about awareness and commitment of people (stakeholder) for affordable and clean energy? When we talk about it in developing countries context, I think we face technical, financial and informational problems.
In developing countries, it is obvious that we lack technical and financial problems in all the sectors working in the area of innovation and technologies. I think if we are able to spread awareness and importance of such clean and affordable energy to mass audience (government as well as private sectors to invest) and drive them to perceive and invest to produce such affordable energy using renewable natural resources of the country, surely, we can succeed to provide access of energy to all the people living in the remote areas also.
Glad to hear that Indonesia also has the high potential for renewable energy. I have also gone through some of the links to know more about renewable energy prospects in Indonesia. I found some interesting plan and data from International Renewable Energy Agency website. I am sharing this link with you, I hope it will be helpful for your as well.
Additionally, talking about the issues we face in most of the developing and least developed country such as financial and technical problems. I do fully agree with you. Regarding Informational problem may be we youth can work on it and spread the possibility of sustainable development through various sources. Different organizations from different countries can collaborate on the concept and share the ideas in our future endeavors.
Let me know your thoughts,
According to my studies, I think Biomass is one of the most potential source of energy production. It can be produced from forest areas, agricultural residues, urban wastes, industrial wastes and natural vegetation. Envipower Energy and Fertilisers Pvt Ltd, is Nepal’s first-ever biogas plant that produces bottled compressed natural gas (CNG). (http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/news/2018-01-06/nepals-first-biogas-plant-starts-producing-cng.html)The CNG is an alternative to liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) which is popularly known as cooling gas. It is also one of the best energy solution for Nepal.
It also offers many practical benefits for families and individuals, like indoor air pollution is reduced, money is saved on lighting fuels, time is saved from gathering firewood, and sanitation improves as latrines are connected to biogas construction companies. Nepal’s Biogas Project has assisted in constructing over 200,000 biogas plants with partnerships from NGO’s and private biogas construction companies. This growth is accelerating. In addition, residents are responsible for operating and maintaining their own plants, which are built to last 20 years. They are also able to receive aid through several microfinance facilities operating in the country, ensuring ownership and sustainability. So it is an affordable, cleaner and environmentally sustainable energy.
The SDG7 targets include achieving, by
2030, (i) universal access to affordable, reliable
and modern energy services,(ii) increasing
substantially the share of renewable
energy in the global energy mix and
(iii) doubling the global rate of improvement
in energy efficiency.
Nearly three-fourths (74.7 percent) of
households in the Nepal use solid fuels
as the primary source of energy for cooking,
while one-fifth (18 percent) use LPG
for cooking. While nearly three fourths
(74 percent) of the households have
access to electricity, actual supply of electricity
is grossly inadequate. In rural areas,
electricity supply from off-grid hydro power
plants is limited and used mostly for
lighting and to charge small appliances like mobile phones. Electricity from solar PV
home systems is growing but it is sufficient
mostly for lighting only. Grid electricity is
unreliable with erratic power cuts in the
Ensuring access to affordable, reliable, and
modern energy for all is a daunting task.
However, given the immense hydro power
potential, and with the private sector
becoming more competent in power generation,
grid connectivity expanding and
alternative modern energy sources being
capitalized, the country can meet the targets.
Thus the proposed specific targets
for SDG 7 include accessibility of 99 percent
households to electricity; reduction to
30 percent - from nearly 75 percent now -
the households who resort to firewood for
cooking; limiting the use of LPG to less than
40 percent of the households; generation of
15,000 MW of installed capacity; and per
capita electricity consumption increased to
The remarkable achievement made by Nepal in terms of access to electricity with almost 80 percent of the population getting electric power as of the end of 2016 compared to 20 percent in 2000.
Nepal having good achievement in recent days on increase production of hydro electric power does not mean we all are getting in the right track we still need to accelerate our potential to use wind energy mostly able to be accessed in high highly and mountainous areas of the country and bio gas energy usable any where in the nation.
“But it will also require a wide-ranging financing framework capable of channeling resources and investment of all kinds—public and private, national and global—to achieve such goals and unpack the potential.”
To achieve the SEforAll in LDCs and particularly in our country Nepal, We all need to tap all available sources of energy while having medium- and long-term strategies for transition to clean, green and renewable energy. For this, We also need to develop national strategy to create enabling environment and a supportive investment climate. Likewise, sensitization of population, involvement of Civil Society Organizations and Community Based Organizations in planning and implementation and inter-agency coordination should be the major priority.
In this regard, the LDC initiated Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Initiative (REEEI) for Sustainable Development should be put into action. This new initiative, let us hope, will help improve livelihoods across the LDCs, bringing modern, clean, resilient energy systems to millions of energy-starved people.
Therefore the SEforAll goal of “Going Further, Faster—Together” will just not be a popular slogan, but a sustainable energy action to ensure no one will be left behind in achieving the ambitious global goals for sustainable development .
In my opinion, there is a lot of possibility and scope to develop the renewable energy as a major source. Today, world is suffering from many problem and the most critical one i.e. the shortage of the fuel is very near. Are we ready to face that?? The only one answer is NO. Because the development of renewable source of energy is at very low rate and it cannot replace the fuel require for today. So, it’s very essential to start a campaign to reduce se of such non- renewable source by renewable one from own place. Even giving more priorities to the public vehicle than private one, using solar energy and hydroelectricity, etc. can help a lot.
The green house gases emissions scenario is high due to the rapid urbanization and modernization. Sue to the cumulative increase in green house gases in the atmosphere, global warming is increasing day by day ultimately leads to the climate change process. Now a days various countries have given more priorities to the renewable form of energies than the traditional form of energies. So renewable energies like sunlight, geothermal wind, tidal energies.
Coal, wood fuel, diesel, petroleum products that generates huge amount of gases are slowly replaced by renewable energies such as micro hydro power,wind,solar, bio briquettes and government, line agencies, stakeholders etc. are investing huge amount of finance in such energies rather than traditional energies which emits huge amount of green house gases. People are highly motivated to use such types of energies. Afforestation programs are done various parts of the rural area in the barren land that sequestrates large amount of green house gases from the atmosphere. At the same time, sophisticated equipment's are now available in the markets which release lesser amount of green house gases. Government, donors, various organizations are giving incentives to the people in the for the hire of the various types of the
energies like solar energies, briquettes etc. At the same time people are getting incentives in the purchase of advance equipment's. In this way we can say that, energy is being cleaner and affordable.
Political instability, Weak allocation of the financial resources, weak institutional mechanisms, weak strategies of the governments, weak communication mechanisms, limited information to the people, weak coordination mechanisms with the stakeholders.
Various successful experiences that can be learned and adopted in SA and SEA are the successful implementation of CDM projects and also various types of the programs are launched such as Reducing Emissions Forest Deforestation and Degradation (REED). In south Asian countries, more priorities are given to the renewable form of energies rather than traditional form of energies and they have successfully implemented like thermal, hydro power, wind energy etc. such types of the energy should be diversified in local to national level by giving subsidy and more information related things should be communicated through the means of media. People should be empowered with the various types of the training so that they can be motivated towards the use of the renewable form of the energy. Skill enhancement opportunities should be provided to the people and opportunities should be created at local level so that they will be motivated towards the use of the renewable energy.
Goal No 7 states that ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.is a challenge confronting every country, that touches everyone. To understand the necessity of meeting this goal, and what is required to do so, we should unpack the statement of the goal itself. The four dimensions of SDG 7 are affordability, reliability, sustainability and modernity. These different dimensions are not mutually exclusive. They overlap, and in some cases even entail each other. On the other hand, people living in places without ready stocks of fossil fuels may rely on more primitive methods of combustion, such as wood fibers or perhaps even animal dungs. Indeed, this is the condition that prevailed for the vast majority of humankind throughout its history, and continues to be the condition for many parts of the developing world. For instance, approximately 2.7 billion people (about 40 per cent of the world’s population) now rely on traditional biomass fuels for cooking.1 Such low-quality fuels can be a major source of indoor air pollution. Even with the expansion of energy accessibility and economic development, the annual death toll from indoor air pollution will still be over 1.5 million people—a higher rate than that from both malaria and tuberculosis. Energy is critical and people with no sustainable access to energy are deprived of the opportunity to become part of national and global progress. And yet, one billion people around the world live without access to energy. Almost three billion people, 41% of the world’s population, do not have access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking.Sustainable energy generates opportunity – it transforms lives, economies and the planet. There are tangible health benefits to having access to electricity, and a demonstrable improvement in well being. Energy access therefore constitutes a core component of the sustainable development agenda for energy. The production of useable energy can also be a source for climate change – accounting for around 60% of total global greenhouse gas emissions. Goal 7 of the SDGs aims to correct this enormous imbalance by ensuring everyone has access to affordable, reliable, and modern energy services by the year 2030. To expand energy access, it is crucial to enhance energy efficiency and to invest in renewable energy. Asia has been the driver of progress in this area, expanding access at the twice the rate of demographic growth. 72% of the increase in energy consumption from modern renewable sources between 2010 and 2012 came from developing regions, including parts of Asia. Energy from renewable resources – wind, water, solar, biomass and geothermal energy – is inexhaustible and clean. Although the solution to energy’s climate crisis lies off-grid, renewable energy currently constitutes only 15% of the global energy mix. It is time for a new global partnership on sustainable energy for all, guided by Sustainable Development Goal 7 on universally accessible, efficient, clean, and reliable energy sources and services. In this sense we can say that now a days energy is becoming more cleaner.
Progress in every area of sustainable energy falls short of what is needed to achieve energy access for all and to meet targets for renewable energy and energy efficiency. Meaningful improvements will require higher levels of financing and bolder policy commitments, together with the willingness of countries to embrace new technologies on a much wider scale.
· Globally, 85.3 per cent of the population had access to electricity in 2014, an increase of only 0.3 percentage points since 2012. That means that 1.06 billion people, predominantly rural dwellers, still function without electricity. Half of those people live in sub-Saharan Africa.
· Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking climbed to 57.4 per cent in 2014, up slightly from 56.5 per cent in 2012. More than 3 billion people, the majority of them in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, are still cooking without clean fuels and more efficient technologies.
· The share of renewable energy in final energy consumption grew modestly from 2012 to 2014, from 17.9 per cent to 18.3 per cent. Most of the increase was from renewable electricity from water, solar and wind power. Solar and wind power still make up a relatively minor share of energy consumption, despite their rapid growth in recent years. The challenge is to increase the share of renewable energy in the heat and transport sectors, which together account for 80 per cent of global energy consumption.
· From 2012 to 2014, three quarters of the world’s 20 largest energy-consuming countries had reduced their energy intensity — the ratio of energy used per unit of GDP. The reduction was driven mainly by greater efficiencies in the industry and transport sectors. However, that progress is still not sufficient to meet the target of doubling the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency.Some of the issues and challenges faced during the production of the energy are listed below:
Not giving Energy more priority in the developmental agenda.
Poor allocation of the budget.