Propose YOUR criteria for judging a GRUEN

Group 35

 
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Group 35
by Ahaan Bhandari - Saturday, 11 April 2020, 5:10 PM
 
Let's develop our criteria here!
Picture of Ahaan Bhandari
Re: Group 35
by Ahaan Bhandari - Saturday, 11 April 2020, 5:17 PM
 

These are the few measures I believe are pre-requisites to judge a green city:-


 1.  STRICTER POLICY REGULATIONS AT THE GLOBAL AND LOCAL LEVEL: the policies of a green city should be ones that promote improvement of the environment. Things like carbon taxes,expansion of green sources of income , and increasing public awareness, funding of research of upcoming green technologies are a few examples of pro-environment policies 


2) PROPER RESOURCE PLANNING AND THE IDEA OF A CIRCULAR ECONOMY:

A green city should have a circular economy.  Moving towards a more circular economy could deliver benefits such as reducing pressure on the environment, improving the security of the supply of raw materials, increasing competitiveness, stimulating innovation, boosting economic growth, creating jobs. Foremost it’s aimed at eliminating waste and the continual use of resources. 


3) The promotion of extensive use of greenery, is linked to the idea of bringing back nature to cities. This advocates for an equal balance between green and built spaces through the extensive use of greenery practices; such as increasing the presence of urban green spaces and parks in combination with water resources whenever possible, green roofs, green facades, green linear corridors, etc. Greenery contributes to increase in the quality of citizen’s lives; to improve health, aesthetics values, and city attractiveness; to reduce environmental pollution, climatic impacts, and heat islands; to create a local micro climate; to help mitigate GHGs(carbon sequestration or removal); to contribute to reduce urban floods; and to adapt to climate change. 


4) Planning for land compactness with mixed land use and social mix, promotes the development of more compact cities using design elements such as compactness, density, greenery, Transit Oriented Development (TOD) practices, and mixed land use and social mix to improve the city’s green performance. It is acknowledged that planning land compactness with the extensive use of mixed land-use and social mix concepts will contribute to decrease the need to travel by creating more working opportunities near to the places where people live and increase diversity. The application of the social mix concept such as, constructing affordable apartments for different income levels in the same building can contribute to reducing social segregation by allowing families with different incomes to live together. 


5) Green growth with equity principles, promotes the application of elements of the concepts mentioned above two in all city activities involved with local development. Key elements of these concepts are the promotion of low carbon technologies, increased energy efficiency practices and innovative managerial and financial practices and instruments to steer the development of a local inclusive economy with low adverse environmental impacts and distribute the growth fairly 


Picture of Divyansh Jain
Re: Group 35
by Divyansh Jain - Monday, 20 April 2020, 12:04 AM
 

Hi. Great suggestions regarding the criteria ,Ahaan. However, I have a few more ideas for judgement criterion for Green cities:

1.Per Capita Carbon footprint of the city and per capita greenhouse gas emissions- This means,the net carbon footprint of the city divided by the total population of the city. This gives us the estimate of the carbon footprint emission per person.

2.Percentage of the city's energy requirements met by Renewable energy sources- These renewable energy sources may include solar energy,wind energy,tidal energy etc, depending upon the city's location,climate and topography.

3.Keeping down resource use and waste- This may be calculated using the total resources consumed per person and total waste generation per person. 

4. Accessibility,affordability and Energy efficiency of public transport- Public transport as a percentage of the total transportation use of the city.

5.Biodiversity of the city, including total forest cover- A certain limit may be set for each city,that more than the given percentage of forest cover for the total land area for the city,may be classified as "Green-friendly"

6.Recycling of waste and reusing materials.

7. Unemployment rate- A measure of the productive contributors to economy,as well as growth opportunity for the young population of the city.

8.Gross Happiness Quotient- Something similar to that introduced in Bhutan. An indicator of the happiness of the population and how satisfied they are with government rule and living conditions.

9.Easy accessibility and affordability of essential services like clean drinking water,pollution free air,hygienic sanitation at cheap rates,affordable to all members of society.

10.Ozone layer depleting emissions,including chloroflourocarbons.

 

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Re: Group 35
by Divyansh Jain - Monday, 20 April 2020, 12:16 AM
 

A couple of more suggestions came to my mind,which i earlier forgot to put forward:

11. Poverty levels of the city and housing facilities for the poor

12. Literacy rate, and public education system

13.energy efficient builduings. Or alternatively, the number of self-sufficient buildings in the city in terms of energy production and use


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Re: Group 35
by Ahaan Bhandari - Monday, 20 April 2020, 4:25 PM
 

How will unemployment rate help us in determining a green city?

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Re: Group 35
by Divyansh Jain - Tuesday, 28 April 2020, 10:14 PM
 

When i say unemployment, I indicate towards judging cities under sustainable development,rather than restricting our judgement to only the green aspect.Catering to Unemployment and other socio economic problems leads to economic harmony, and so,Gross National happiness overall

Picture of Divyansh Jain
Re: Group 35
by Divyansh Jain - Tuesday, 28 April 2020, 10:16 PM
 

What exactly do you mean when you say Transit Oriented Development?


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Re: Group 35
by Ahaan Bhandari - Tuesday, 28 April 2020, 10:43 PM
 

They are basically walkable communities that greatly reduce the need for driving and energy consumption. Moreover, this type of living arrangement can reduce driving by up to 85%. It encourages the construction of affordable housing near bus and train stations.

Picture of Nalin Jayaswal
Re: Group 35
by Nalin Jayaswal - Monday, 20 April 2020, 4:05 PM
 
Adding on to the criteria proposed by Divyansh and Ahaan, these are my suggestions on how to assess the sustainability of a city (i have taken the route of grouping them as per the UN goals for sustainability)-

  1. Water GOAL 6 - Share of solid waste recycled in terms of percentage ( recycling resources is one of the key characteristics of a green city)
  2. water GOAL 6 - Share of total population with access to drinking water close to living quarters in % ( water is a basic need for survival and thus sustainability )
  3.  water GOAL 6- Share of waste water treated ( this can be taken in levels - primary treatment, biological treatment etc) 
  4. Life on land GOAL 15 - Green spaces availability to the people/public access ( parks, gardens, groves etc )
  5. industry and infrastructure GOAL 9-Total internet penetration or the ICT refers to all the people connected to the internet in some form ( especially important in the lockdown/quarantine period when online learning and online news is prevalent) 
  6. industry and infrastructure GOAL 9 - in green cities transport systems are especially important so length of the public transport system and of cycling tracks can be an important trait.

Feedback or additions on the above would be much appreciated! 


Picture of Divyansh Jain
Re: Group 35
by Divyansh Jain - Wednesday, 29 April 2020, 1:28 AM
 

So I'll try to list down all the criterion that we've suggested to evaluate a green city,under common headings and consensus-

1.PROPER RESOURCE PLANNING AND THE IDEA OF A CIRCULAR ECONOMY-Keeping down resource use and waste- This may be calculated using the total resources consumed per person and total waste generation per person and.Recycling of waste and reusing materials.Moving towards a more circular economy could deliver benefits such as reducing pressure on the environment, improving the security of the supply of raw materials, increasing competitiveness, stimulating innovation, boosting economic growth, creating jobs.


 2.The promotion of extensive use of greenery, is linked to the idea of bringing back nature to cities. This may also include Biodiversity of the city, including total forest cover- A certain limit may be set for each city,that more than the given percentage of forest cover for the total land area for the city,may be classified as "Green-friendly" This advocates for an equal balance between green and built spaces through the extensive use of greenery practices; such as increasing the presence of urban green spaces and parks in combination with water resources whenever possible, green roofs, green facades, green linear corridors, etc. Greenery contributes to increase in the quality of citizen’s lives; to improve health, aesthetics values, and city attractiveness; to reduce environmental pollution, climatic impacts, and heat islands; to create a local micro climate; to help mitigate GHGs(carbon sequestration or removal); to contribute to reduce urban floods; and to adapt to climate change. Life on land GOAL 15 - Green spaces availability to the people/public access ( parks, gardens, groves etc ) comes under this

3.Accessibility,affordability and Energy efficiency of public transport- Public transport as a percentage of the total transportation use of the city.Includes Industry and infrastructure GOAL 9 - in green cities transport systems are especially important so length of the public transport system and of cycling tracks can be an important trait.

4.Green growth with equity principles, promotes the application of elements of the concepts  in all city activities involved with local development.Per Capita Carbon footprint of the city and per capita greenhouse gas emissions- This means,the net carbon footprint of the city divided by the total population of the city. This gives us the estimate of the carbon footprint emission per person..Percentage of the city's energy requirements met by Renewable energy sources- These renewable energy sources may include solar energy,wind energy,tidal energy etc, depending upon the city's location,climate and topography.
Key elements of these concepts are the promotion of low carbon technologies, increased energy efficiency practices and innovative managerial and financial practices and instruments to steer the development of a local inclusive economy with low adverse environmental impacts and distribute the growth fairly

Easy accessibility and affordability of essential services like clean drinking water,pollution free air,hygienic sanitation at cheap rates,affordable to all members of society.Includes

Water GOAL 6 - Share of solid waste recycled in terms of percentage ( recycling resources is one of the key characteristics of a green city)water GOAL 6 - Share of total population with access to drinking water close to living quarters in % ( water is a basic need for survival and thus sustainability ) water GOAL 6- Share of waste water treated ( this can be taken in levels - primary treatment, biological treatment etc

Gross Happiness Quotient- Something similar to that introduced in Bhutan. An indicator of the happiness of the population and how satisfied they are with government rule and living conditions.

7.energy efficient builduings. Or alternatively, the number of self-sufficient buildings in the city in terms of energy production and use


8.STRICTER POLICY REGULATIONS AT THE GLOBAL AND LOCAL LEVEL: the policies of a green city should be ones that promote improvement of the environment. Things like carbon taxes,expansion of green sources of income , and increasing public awareness, funding of research of upcoming green technologies are a few examples of pro-environment policies 

9.Planning for land compactness with mixed land use and social mix, promotes the development of more compact cities using design elements such as compactness, density, greenery, Transit Oriented Development (TOD) practices, and mixed land use and social mix to improve the city’s green performance. It is acknowledged that planning land compactness with the extensive use of mixed land-use and social mix concepts will contribute to decrease the need to travel by creating more working opportunities near to the places where people live and increase diversity. The application of the social mix concept such as, constructing affordable apartments for different income levels in the same building can contribute to reducing social segregation by allowing families with different incomes to live together. Special emphasis on housing conditions for the poor




Picture of Divyansh Jain
Re: Group 35
by Divyansh Jain - Wednesday, 29 April 2020, 1:28 AM
 

So I'll try to list down all the criterion that we've suggested to evaluate a green city,under common headings and consensus-

1.PROPER RESOURCE PLANNING AND THE IDEA OF A CIRCULAR ECONOMY-Keeping down resource use and waste- This may be calculated using the total resources consumed per person and total waste generation per person and.Recycling of waste and reusing materials.Moving towards a more circular economy could deliver benefits such as reducing pressure on the environment, improving the security of the supply of raw materials, increasing competitiveness, stimulating innovation, boosting economic growth, creating jobs.


 2.The promotion of extensive use of greenery, is linked to the idea of bringing back nature to cities. This may also include Biodiversity of the city, including total forest cover- A certain limit may be set for each city,that more than the given percentage of forest cover for the total land area for the city,may be classified as "Green-friendly" This advocates for an equal balance between green and built spaces through the extensive use of greenery practices; such as increasing the presence of urban green spaces and parks in combination with water resources whenever possible, green roofs, green facades, green linear corridors, etc. Greenery contributes to increase in the quality of citizen’s lives; to improve health, aesthetics values, and city attractiveness; to reduce environmental pollution, climatic impacts, and heat islands; to create a local micro climate; to help mitigate GHGs(carbon sequestration or removal); to contribute to reduce urban floods; and to adapt to climate change. Life on land GOAL 15 - Green spaces availability to the people/public access ( parks, gardens, groves etc ) comes under this

3.Accessibility,affordability and Energy efficiency of public transport- Public transport as a percentage of the total transportation use of the city.Includes Industry and infrastructure GOAL 9 - in green cities transport systems are especially important so length of the public transport system and of cycling tracks can be an important trait.

4.Green growth with equity principles, promotes the application of elements of the concepts  in all city activities involved with local development.Per Capita Carbon footprint of the city and per capita greenhouse gas emissions- This means,the net carbon footprint of the city divided by the total population of the city. This gives us the estimate of the carbon footprint emission per person..Percentage of the city's energy requirements met by Renewable energy sources- These renewable energy sources may include solar energy,wind energy,tidal energy etc, depending upon the city's location,climate and topography.
Key elements of these concepts are the promotion of low carbon technologies, increased energy efficiency practices and innovative managerial and financial practices and instruments to steer the development of a local inclusive economy with low adverse environmental impacts and distribute the growth fairly

Easy accessibility and affordability of essential services like clean drinking water,pollution free air,hygienic sanitation at cheap rates,affordable to all members of society.Includes

Water GOAL 6 - Share of solid waste recycled in terms of percentage ( recycling resources is one of the key characteristics of a green city)water GOAL 6 - Share of total population with access to drinking water close to living quarters in % ( water is a basic need for survival and thus sustainability ) water GOAL 6- Share of waste water treated ( this can be taken in levels - primary treatment, biological treatment etc

Gross Happiness Quotient- Something similar to that introduced in Bhutan. An indicator of the happiness of the population and how satisfied they are with government rule and living conditions.

7.energy efficient builduings. Or alternatively, the number of self-sufficient buildings in the city in terms of energy production and use


8.STRICTER POLICY REGULATIONS AT THE GLOBAL AND LOCAL LEVEL: the policies of a green city should be ones that promote improvement of the environment. Things like carbon taxes,expansion of green sources of income , and increasing public awareness, funding of research of upcoming green technologies are a few examples of pro-environment policies 

9.Planning for land compactness with mixed land use and social mix, promotes the development of more compact cities using design elements such as compactness, density, greenery, Transit Oriented Development (TOD) practices, and mixed land use and social mix to improve the city’s green performance. It is acknowledged that planning land compactness with the extensive use of mixed land-use and social mix concepts will contribute to decrease the need to travel by creating more working opportunities near to the places where people live and increase diversity. The application of the social mix concept such as, constructing affordable apartments for different income levels in the same building can contribute to reducing social segregation by allowing families with different incomes to live together. Special emphasis on housing conditions for the poor




Picture of Divyansh Jain
Re: Group 35
by Divyansh Jain - Wednesday, 29 April 2020, 1:28 AM
 

So I'll try to list down all the criterion that we've suggested to evaluate a green city,under common headings and consensus-

1.PROPER RESOURCE PLANNING AND THE IDEA OF A CIRCULAR ECONOMY-Keeping down resource use and waste- This may be calculated using the total resources consumed per person and total waste generation per person and.Recycling of waste and reusing materials.Moving towards a more circular economy could deliver benefits such as reducing pressure on the environment, improving the security of the supply of raw materials, increasing competitiveness, stimulating innovation, boosting economic growth, creating jobs.


 2.The promotion of extensive use of greenery, is linked to the idea of bringing back nature to cities. This may also include Biodiversity of the city, including total forest cover- A certain limit may be set for each city,that more than the given percentage of forest cover for the total land area for the city,may be classified as "Green-friendly" This advocates for an equal balance between green and built spaces through the extensive use of greenery practices; such as increasing the presence of urban green spaces and parks in combination with water resources whenever possible, green roofs, green facades, green linear corridors, etc. Greenery contributes to increase in the quality of citizen’s lives; to improve health, aesthetics values, and city attractiveness; to reduce environmental pollution, climatic impacts, and heat islands; to create a local micro climate; to help mitigate GHGs(carbon sequestration or removal); to contribute to reduce urban floods; and to adapt to climate change. Life on land GOAL 15 - Green spaces availability to the people/public access ( parks, gardens, groves etc ) comes under this

3.Accessibility,affordability and Energy efficiency of public transport- Public transport as a percentage of the total transportation use of the city.Includes Industry and infrastructure GOAL 9 - in green cities transport systems are especially important so length of the public transport system and of cycling tracks can be an important trait.

4.Green growth with equity principles, promotes the application of elements of the concepts  in all city activities involved with local development.Per Capita Carbon footprint of the city and per capita greenhouse gas emissions- This means,the net carbon footprint of the city divided by the total population of the city. This gives us the estimate of the carbon footprint emission per person..Percentage of the city's energy requirements met by Renewable energy sources- These renewable energy sources may include solar energy,wind energy,tidal energy etc, depending upon the city's location,climate and topography.
Key elements of these concepts are the promotion of low carbon technologies, increased energy efficiency practices and innovative managerial and financial practices and instruments to steer the development of a local inclusive economy with low adverse environmental impacts and distribute the growth fairly

Easy accessibility and affordability of essential services like clean drinking water,pollution free air,hygienic sanitation at cheap rates,affordable to all members of society.Includes

Water GOAL 6 - Share of solid waste recycled in terms of percentage ( recycling resources is one of the key characteristics of a green city)water GOAL 6 - Share of total population with access to drinking water close to living quarters in % ( water is a basic need for survival and thus sustainability ) water GOAL 6- Share of waste water treated ( this can be taken in levels - primary treatment, biological treatment etc

Gross Happiness Quotient- Something similar to that introduced in Bhutan. An indicator of the happiness of the population and how satisfied they are with government rule and living conditions.

7.energy efficient builduings. Or alternatively, the number of self-sufficient buildings in the city in terms of energy production and use


8.STRICTER POLICY REGULATIONS AT THE GLOBAL AND LOCAL LEVEL: the policies of a green city should be ones that promote improvement of the environment. Things like carbon taxes,expansion of green sources of income , and increasing public awareness, funding of research of upcoming green technologies are a few examples of pro-environment policies 

9.Planning for land compactness with mixed land use and social mix, promotes the development of more compact cities using design elements such as compactness, density, greenery, Transit Oriented Development (TOD) practices, and mixed land use and social mix to improve the city’s green performance. It is acknowledged that planning land compactness with the extensive use of mixed land-use and social mix concepts will contribute to decrease the need to travel by creating more working opportunities near to the places where people live and increase diversity. The application of the social mix concept such as, constructing affordable apartments for different income levels in the same building can contribute to reducing social segregation by allowing families with different incomes to live together. Special emphasis on housing conditions for the poor




Picture of Raghav Awasthi
Re: Group 35
by Raghav Awasthi - Wednesday, 29 April 2020, 4:49 PM
 

Sorry for the delay, but I had some views I would like to express. 

We could also consider the per capita meat consumption as a criteria to judge a GRUEN due to fact that meat production has to impacts on the environment, these are namely land pollution and global warming. I did include this quote from wikipedia as a source of reference.  " The 2006 report Livestock's Long Shadow, released by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, states that "the livestock sector is a major stressor on many ecosystems and on the planet as a whole. Globally it is one of the largest sources of greenhouse gases (GHG) and one of the leading causal factors in the loss of biodiversity, and in developed and emerging countries it is perhaps the leading source of water pollution."

 Also meat production uses up alot of land that can be otherwise put to use for domestic and environmental purpose.


The second point i'd like to consider could be the funding for environmentally friendly sources of energy. You already know what this means.


The last point is the amount of active participation for environmental issues among the people.


I'd love to hear from you people. Cheers!



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Re: Group 35
by Raghav Awasthi - Wednesday, 29 April 2020, 5:15 PM
 

Could food security be an essential part for judging a Gruen?

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Re: Group 35
by Nalin Jayaswal - Saturday, 2 May 2020, 7:58 PM
 

yes it definitely should be considered

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Re: Group 35
by Raghav Awasthi - Wednesday, 29 April 2020, 5:18 PM
 

Just had another idea. Integration of renewable energy power plants in the city landscape could also be a useful method and well as using new types of technologies to reduce pollution for example the new biosynthetic bacteria lighting whcih are bieng installed in some places.

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Re: Group 35
by Yash Gupta - Friday, 1 May 2020, 3:57 AM
 

Hello everyone here are some criterions for judging a Gruen :

1.Per capita CO2 emissions from energy consumption

 2.Energy efficiency of transport

 3.Efficiency of residential energy use

 4.Efficiency of urban water use

 5. Waste intensity

 6.Recycling

7. Urban land take

 Hope you guys like my criterions . Looking forward to your queries ...Thanks

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Re: Group 35
by Yash Gupta - Friday, 1 May 2020, 4:00 AM
 

Hello everyone here are some more criterions I found very crucial :

 1.NO2 concentrations

 2.PM10 concentration

 3.Unemployment rate

 4.Land use efficiency

 5.Public transport network length

 6.Registered cars

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Re: Group 35
by Yash Gupta - Friday, 1 May 2020, 4:02 AM
 

Could waste intensity be a crucial criteria ?

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Re: Group 35
by Nalin Jayaswal - Saturday, 2 May 2020, 7:57 PM
 

what do you mean by intensity?