The participants should gain knowledge and insight about the
four SDG sectors, and find examples and stories in their own communities. This would both demonstrate their knowledge,
and communicate it to other young people in the SA and SEA regions. The project will encourage young people to envision what development
could look like in the four SDG sectors at three geographic levels, as if in three
in their local communities
in their nation
in the wider Asian region
This project will help young participants to find their
voice in development and tell stories of how development has worked, or not
worked, or could work, in their communities.
They will tell these stories using digital means of sharing with peers
across the developing world.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs),
otherwise known as the Global Goals, are a universal call to action to end
poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and
These 17 Goals build on the successes of
Development Goals, while including new areas such as
climate change, economic inequality, innovation, sustainable
consumption, peace and justice, among other priorities. The goals are
interconnected – often the key to success on one will involve tackling issues
more commonly associated with another.
The SDGs work in the spirit of
partnership and pragmatism to make the right choices now to improve life, in a
sustainable way, for future generations. They provide clear guidelines and
targets for all countries to adopt in accordance with their own priorities and
the environmental challenges of the world at large. The SDGs are an inclusive
agenda. They tackle the root causes of poverty and unite us together to make a
positive change for both people and planet. “Poverty eradication is at the
heart of the 2030 Agenda, and so is the commitment to leave no-one behind,”
UNDP Administrator Achim Steiner said. “The Agenda offers a unique opportunity
to put the whole world on a more prosperous and sustainable development path.
In many ways, it reflects what UNDP was created for.”
Goal 11: Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Cities are hubs for ideas, commerce, culture, science, productivity, social development and much more. At their best, cities have enabled people to advance socially and economically. However, many challenges exist to maintaining cities in a way that continues to create jobs and prosperity while not straining land and resources. Common urban challenges include congestion, lack of funds to provide basic services, a shortage of adequate housing and declining infrastructure.
more than half the world’s population lives in cities. By 2030, it is projected
that 6 in 10 people will be urban dwellers. Despite numerous planning
challenges, cities offer more efficient economies of scale on many levels,
including the provision of goods, services and transportation. With sound,
risk-informed planning and management, cities can become incubators for
innovation and growth and drivers of sustainable development.
figures and facts about urban realm:
Almost a third of the urban population in
developing regions still live in slums
In 2014, an estimated 880
million urban residents lived in slum conditions, compared to 792 million urban
residents in 2000.
Urban sprawl is found in many cities
around the world
From 2000 to 2015, in all
regions of the world, the expansion of urban land outpaced the growth of urban
Cities in every part of the world have
dangerously high levels of air pollution
In 2014, 9 of 10 people who
live in cities were breathing air that did not comply with the safety standard
set by WHO.
Nearly three-quarters of countries have
implemented or are working to implement national-level urban policies
As of 2015, 142 countries
had a national urban policy in place or under development. Those countries are
home to 75 per cent of the world’s urban population.
challenges cities face can be overcome in ways that allow them to continue to
thrive and grow, while improving resource use and reducing pollution and
poverty. The future we want includes cities of opportunities for all, with
access to basic services, energy, housing, transportation and more.
City has always been the focal
point in many discussions on sustainability for a long time
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable
Development tackles this challenge through its Sustainable Development Goal 11,
which aims to “make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and
Both the Johannesburg Plan of
Implementation (Chapter II - Poverty Eradication, paragraph 11) and MDG 7, in
its target 11, call for efforts to achieve "a significant improvement in
the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers", by 2020.
Sustainable human settlements development
was also discussed by CSD at its second and third sessions. "Promoting
sustainable human settlements development" is the subject of Chapter 7 of
Agenda 21, which calls for:
shelter for all;
improving human settlements management;
sustainable land-use planning and management;
promoting the integrated
provision of environmental infrastructure: water, sanitation, drainage and
solid waste management;
promoting sustainable energy and transport systems
in human settlements;
promoting human settlements planning and management in
promoting sustainable construction industry
promoting human resource development and capacity-building
for human settlements development.
The New Urban Agenda (NUA), the outcome document of the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III), focuses on what needs to be done to ensure that cities and human settlements, as vehicles of development, are themselves planned, developed and managed in sustainable ways.
The NUA also addresses a range of actions necessary for making cities effective spatial or locational frameworks for sustainable development. It goes beyond Sustainable Development Goal 11, “Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable” by detailing strategic actions necessary for ensuring that cities and human settlements, as the location of many development efforts, support and facilitate effective implementation of the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Habitat III is the first major UN conference to be held following the adoption of the 2030 Agenda and the SDGs. The NUA will thus be the first internationally agreed document detailing implementation of the urban dimension of the SDGs. It builds on SDG 11, but addresses a wider range of urbanization and human settlements issues.
no one behind,
by ending poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including the eradication of
extreme poverty, by ensuring equal rights and opportunities, socio-economic and
cultural diversity, integration in the urban space, enhancing liveability,
education, food security and nutrition, health and well-being; including by
ending the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria, promoting safety and
eliminating discrimination and all forms of violence; ensuring public
participation providing safe and equal access for all; and providing equal
access for all to physical and social infrastructure and basic services as well
as adequate and affordable housing.
and inclusive urban economies, by leveraging the agglomeration
benefits of well-planned urbanization, high productivity, competitiveness, and
innovation; promoting full and productive employment and decent work for all,
ensuring decent job creation and equal access for all to economic and
productive resources and opportunities; preventing land speculation; and
promoting secure land tenure and managing urban shrinking where appropriate.
by promoting clean energy, sustainable use of land and resources in urban
development as well as protecting ecosystems and biodiversity, including
adopting healthy lifestyles in harmony with nature; promoting sustainable
consumption and production patterns; building urban resilience; reducing
disaster risks; and mitigating and adapting to climate change.
way we plan,
finance, develop, govern, and manage cities and human settlements, recognizing
sustainable urban and territorial development as essential to the achievement
of sustainable development and prosperity for all;
(b) recognize the leading
role of national governments, as appropriate, in the definition and
implementation of inclusive and effective urban policies and legislation for
sustainable urban development, and the equally important contributions of
sub-national and local governments, as well as civil society and other relevant
stakeholders, in a transparent and accountable manner;
(c) adopt sustainable,
age- and gender-responsive and integrated approaches to
urban and territorial development by implementing policies, strategies,
capacity development, and actions at all levels, based on fundamental drivers
of change including
enabling environment and
a wide range of means of implementation including access to science,
technology, and innovation and enhanced knowledge sharing on mutually agreed
terms, capacity development, and mobilization of financial resources, taking
into account the commitment of developed countries and developing countries,
tapping into all available traditional and innovative sources at the global,
regional, national, sub-national, and local levels as well as enhanced
international cooperation and partnerships among governments at all levels, the
private sector, civil society, the United Nations system, and other actors,
based on the principles of equality, non-discrimination, accountability,
respect for human rights, and solidarity, especially with those who are the
poorest and most vulnerable.
Encourage UN-Habitat, other United
Nations programmes and agencies and other relevant stakeholders to generate evidence-based
and practical guidance for
the implementation of the New Urban Agenda and the urban dimension of the
Sustainable Development Goals
practices to capture and share the increase in land and property value generated
as a result of urban development processes, infrastructure projects, and public
of implementation (pp.17-21)
Systematic use of multi-stakeholder
urban development processes, as appropriate, establishing clear and transparent
policies, financial and administrative frameworks and procedures, as well as
planning guidelines for multi-stakeholder partnerships.
Contribution of voluntary
collaborative initiatives, partnerships and coalitions that
plan to initiate and enhance the implementation of the New Urban Agenda.
Capacity development initiatives to
empower and strengthen skills and abilities of women and girls, children and youth,
older persons and persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and local
communities, as well as persons in vulnerable situations for shaping governance
processes, engaging in dialogue, and promoting and protecting human rights and
anti-discrimination, to ensure their effective participation in urban and
territorial development decision-making.
The development of national
information and communications technology policies and e-government strategies
as well as citizen-centric digital governance tools,
tapping into technological innovations, including capacity development
programmes, in order to make information and communications technologies
accessible to the public, including women and girls, children and youth,
persons with disabilities, older persons and persons in vulnerable situations,
to enable them to develop and exercise civic responsibility, broadening
participation and fostering responsible governance, as well as increasing
data and statistical capacities…
the creation, promotion, and enhancement of open, user-friendly, and
participatory data platforms using technological and social tools
available to transfer and share knowledge among national, sub-national, and
local governments and relevant stakeholders, including non-state actors and
people, to enhance effective urban planning and management, efficiency, and
transparency through e-governance, information and communications technologies
assisted approaches, and geospatial information management.
The Bonn-Fiji Commitment aims to advance
sustainable urban development as a critical component of climate action and the
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, specifically SDG 11.
UN Habitat Executive Director Joan Clos
said a new framework of cooperation among national, regional and local
governments is required.
12 November 2017: Signaling the
growing importance of subnational actors in the climate process, hundreds of
local and regional leaders adopted the ‘Bonn-Fiji Commitment of Local and
Regional Leaders to Deliver the Paris Agreement At All Levels.’ The
Bonn-Fiji Commitment highlights the critical role that local and regional
governments play in enacting programmes to combat climate change and implement
the Paris Agreement on climate change.
Cities, states and regions are “laboratories
of reform, engines of innovation and where the action is,” said
Arnold Schwarzenegger, former governor of California.
The Bonn-Fiji Commitment aims to advance
sustainable urban development as a critical component of climate action and the
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, specifically SDG 11 (sustainable
cities and communities). It describes commitments, ambitions and
actions of local and regional government, such as implementing the Paris
Agreement in local jurisdictions, and enhancing engagement of local authorities
in the UNFCCC negotiating process.
Bonn-Fiji Commitment also details 19 initiatives undertaken by local and
regional leaders, including: the newly created Global Covenant of
Mayors for Climate and Energy; the Urban Leadership Council to build high-level
political commitment to sustainable urban development; the African Sub-national
Climate Fund to bridge the gap between infrastructure demands and the low
number of bankable projects reaching investors; the Front-Line Cities and
Islands, a coalition of coastal cities and islands on the front lines of
climate change; the City Climate Planner programme to raise the global talent
base of city climate planning professionals; the Covenant of Mayors in
Sub-Saharan Africa; the Transformative Urban Mobility Initiative to support the
construction and expansion of sustainable mobility systems in developing and
newly industrialized countries; and the Climate Reporting Partnership to build
a robust database of self-reported climate commitments, actions and performance
‘A City with Global Goals,’ produced by
the Mayor’s Office for International Affairs, illustrates the connections
between the SDGs and the visions, goals, initiatives and targets of Mayor Bill
de Blasio’s ‘One New York: The Plan for a Just and Strong City'.
New York City Mayor’s Office introduced UN Member States to two initiatives, a
publication on harmonizing the SDGs with local development in New York City, and ‘One
New York,’ the blueprint for NYC’s future. The Plan (OneNYC), which was launched in April 2015,
focuses on four interdependent visions: growth, equity, sustainability and
resiliency. The representatives also introduced ‘A City with Global Goals,’
which illustrates the connections between the SDGs and the visions, goals,
initiatives and targets of ‘One New York.’
Vision 1 of OneNYC says
that NYC will “continue to be the world’s most dynamic urban economy, where
families, businesses, and neighborhoods
thrive.” The Office noted that the related initiatives and programmes address
SDGs 1 (no poverty), 2 (zero hunger), 3 (good health and well-being), 4
(quality education), 5 (gender equality), 7 (affordable and clean energy), 8, 9
(industry, innovation, and infrastructure), 10 (reduced inequalities), 11
(sustainable cities and communities) and 13 (climate action).
Vision 2 (‘New York City will have an
inclusive, equitable economy that offers well-paying jobs and opportunity for
all New Yorkers to live with dignity and security’) includes the City’s
initiatives and programs on : Early Childhood; Integrated Government and Social
Services; Healthy Neighborhoods,
Active Living; Healthcare Access; Criminal Justice Reform; and Vision Zero.
Vision 2 addresses targets under SDGs 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 10, 11, and 16 (peace,
justice, and strong institutions).
Vision 3 (‘New York City will be the most
sustainable big city in the world and a global leader in the fight against
climate change’) is comprised of initiatives and programs related to: Zero
Waste; Air Quality Brownfields; Water Management; and Parks and Natural
Resources. Vision 3 is paired with SDGs 1, 2, 3, 6 (clean water and
sanitation), 7, 10, 11, 12 (responsible consumption and production), 13, 14
(life below water), and 15 (life on land).
Vision 4 (‘Our neighborhoods,
economy, and public services will be ready to withstand and emerge stronger
from the impacts of climate change and other 21st century threats’) includes
programs and initiatives for: Neighborhoods;
Buildings; Infrastructure; and Coastal Defense. Vision 4 is paired with SDGs 1, 6, 7,
8, 9, 10, 11, 13 and 14.
Nicaragua, houses are often made of concrete and corrugated steel, materials
not really suitable for the hot and humid climate. At the same time, bamboo is
abundant and could serve as a local and renewable building material. Therefore,
a group of students created Bambú Social to support local
communities with the opportunity to use bamboo as a construction material.
addition, the local population is dependent on unreliable systems for building,
electricity, clean drinking water and food. In El Rama, BAMBÚ SOCIAL set up a
‘Sustainable Construction’ course, together with the local university and the
municipality, to create a sustainable and dignified alternative to social
housing. This building method can be practiced in a completely local manner,
with the integration of a decentralised, low-tech, natural water purification
and storage system in order to provide clean drinking water for the inhabitants
of the house. The constructed model house is the base for the design of an
affordable social home and the manual ‘Un manual de construcción sostenible’,
which explains the entire process with step by step drawings. The model house
has been donated to the local university and currently functions as a library.
social support for the project was created by means of the following
Clean up campaigns for a desolated
communal building in the middle of the city to meet the locals in an
A kick off meeting where the goals of the
projects were explained and where more than 100 people from El
Rama could discuss with us what they wanted the project to tackle.
Open interviews with low income families
to acquire enough information about the wishes the design of a social
Free workshops about, water filters,
basics and possibilities of bamboo construction. All the steps regarding
the preparation and execution of the house were made with
the students from the sustainable construction course and locals from
the communities of Esperanza and El Recreo.
The approach of local and national media
to highlight the importance of the challenges and the possible solutions.
Localizing the SDGs: Role of Local
and Regional Governments
Cities are test-beds for
implementation of the SDGs, and a successful New Urban Agenda will create an
opportunity to enhance the Goals’ effectiveness. Though
the 17 SDGs and their 169 targets are often described as aspirational, cities
are where they become tangible to regular citizens. SDG
11 aims to make “cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and
sustainable.” Hence, achieving this Goal depends in part on the level of
engagement of local stakeholders, regional governments, community-based
organizations, academia and the business sector, as well as on adequate
synergies between national and local policies. The linkages between the SDGs
and the New Urban Agenda may seem apparent, but there are open questions
regarding: implementation and monitoring at the local level; the importance of
“localization” and the connections between political leadership and technical
solutions; and the means by which local governments can find solutions at the
nexus of the New Urban Agenda and the SDGs.
Some argue that “localizing” the SDGs is
a good way forward. Localizing refers to accounting for subnational contexts in
order to achieve the 2030 Agenda, as well as prioritizing a bottom-up approach
to urban development. That is, the SDGs and the New Urban Agenda provide a
policy framework within which bottom-up action from local authorities can
provide support. United Cities and Local Governments
organization representing the interests of local governments on the world
stage, has advocated for localization, arguing that successful implementation
of the SDGs depends on the strong involvement of local and regional
governments. All SDGs have targets that are directly related to the delivery of
basic services, which means that all SDGs have implications for the
responsibilities of local governments. Among the areas of relevance for the
average citizen’s quality of life in an urban setting, the SDGs aspire to
overcome poverty, gender inequality, combat climate change and insecurity, and
provide high quality public goods, including education, health care, water,
energy, clean air, housing and the conservation of natural resources. While the
SDGs are global, their implementation is local.
Localizing the SDGs is a political
process, as well as a technical one. Local governments can be held
accountable by citizens if they fail to lead local development, and such
democratic accountability could become a powerful driver of achieving the SDGs
at local level.
Energy Efficiency for Sustainable Cities: Achieving SDGs 7 and 11
For cities, energy efficiency is both a long-term necessity and an opportunity. Cities are uniquely placed to encourage and deploy energy efficiency measures, given their multifaceted nature as energy consumers, managers of energy networks, and potential energy producers. City administrators can be effective communicators vis-à-vis their citizens, since they are the closest level of government to the people. To enable municipal authorities to deliver on energy efficiency’s vast potential, several elements are required:
City governments must develop the right policy framework for implementation. This means integrating energy efficiency into local priorities and strategies, including implementing national energy efficiency policies and programmes at the local level and ensuring that such measures are part of the long-term urban development plan. Multiple stakeholders should be consulted to maximize buy-in and create a shared sense of ownership. Energy efficiency is cross-cutting and involves a range of actors, from policymakers and investors to service providers and consumers.
Energy efficiency needs investment. Local budgets must be set aside or reallocated towards energy efficiency projects to support implementation. For cities this could be renovating public buildings or putting in place more efficient public transport. Municipal budgets however are often limited. Other sources of finance need to complement the gaps. These can come from central government, multilateral development banks, or the private sector.
Municipalities do not always have the capacity, awareness, or knowledge to identify energy efficiency opportunities, shape policies, and leverage investments. Local capacity building is therefore key to successfully deploying and scaling-up urban energy efficiency. To this end, city authorities should use inter-municipal collaboration networks to share tools and experiences, such as: C40 Cities, the OECD Inclusive Growth in Cities Campaign, etc.
Finally, awareness-raising is critical to improving energy efficiency in cities. From creating multi-stakeholder partnerships to financing and citizen behavior in the local context, the municipal community must be made aware of the opportunity energy efficiency represents. Local governments have a vital role to play in educating these numerous actors. At the level of citizens, communication campaigns and education programmes could establish the basis for long-term transformation towards an energy efficient society.
The “right to the city,” an umbrella term
that encompasses political power relationships, land appropriation and social
justice within the context of globalized “world cities” that are undergoing
Rationale behind the Right to the City Approach
The concept of the Right to the City
originates within the human rights agenda and gained force with the creation of
the Global Platform for the Right to the City, a civil society initiative
established at the International Meeting on the Right to the City, in São
Paulo, Brazil, in November 2014. From the perspective of this initiative, the
Right to the City means the “right of all inhabitants, present and future,
permanent and temporary to use, occupy and produce just, inclusive and
sustainable cities, defined as a common good essential to a full and decent
the Right to the City is a fuzzy concept, it has been relates to the idea that
as global integration progresses and cities are reorganized as hubs for
capital, it is often the most vulnerable populations that suffer. While
social and economic inequality results from a complex set of factors, the Right
to the City recalls the need to maximize the participation of city dwellers in
local governance to avoid further marginalization. For advocates of the Right
to the City, access is crucial, as gentrification, increasing density, economic
shifts and the physical restructuring of cities all have the potential to
exacerbate inequality, one result being that long-time residents can be forced
out of the city core. Proponents underscore the centrality of thinking about
land tenure and urban land use within the Right to the City concept, and
routinely note that urbanization is a fractious process that creates tension
among different groups inhabiting cities.
practices in Latin American and Europe, are they applicable in Asia?
Local and regional governments as well as
some Latin American and European countries have supported the inclusion of the
Right to the City concept in the New Urban Agenda. They have argued that the
concept provides a way to answer the call of communities to be part of decision
making and to bridge the growing detachment between citizens and their
institutions. Examples of Right to the City concepts being included in policy
making come from places like Belgium, Kenya and New Zealand, where community
land trusts were created to democratically manage and administer urban zones.
Colombia implemented legislation to redistribute “socially created land value,”
and Brazil has created the 2001 City Statute, a development law regulating
urban policy and ensuring that the Right to the City has legal value.
This forum will host the team discussion where they develop their ideas and plans for SDG 11.
Interaction and feedback both within the team, and between the teams, should help further develop proposed ideas.
Share your understanding of SDG 11, how the global and universal SDGs and corresponding targets are localized in your city? What are the targets your city or community going to pursue? .
The controversies and consensus between different sectors. Who are the leading actors in the localized process of achieving an inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable city? What’s the new opportunities and challenges in this big-data era? With the enormous development and applications of information and communication technologies, how would data platforms and statistical tools help with processes of knowledge sharing, management, public engagement, and so on… .
Achieving SDGs in urban realm is a political process as well as a technical one. As many Asia cities are adopting “world city” strategy for the sake of certain interest groups, is there any power struggle of rights in your surroundings? Please share and discuss. .